Country Director

Prakriti Srivastava

Ms. Prakriti Srivastava joined as Country Director of Wildlife Conservation Society-India  in 2018. She has been with the Indian Forest Service for the past 27 years while serving on the Kerala cadre as well as various capacities in the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. During this time Ms. Srivastava was renowned both for her unflinching support of wildlife and forest conservation and for her ability, often at a great personal cost, to catalyze a wide variety of tangible and profound conservation successes. Ms. Srivastava, along with her very committed team and with support from Forest Department and the Government, has many achievements including catalysing innumerable tough law enforcement actions against illegal encroachers, wildlife traffickers, timber smugglers and illicit timber factories in some of Kerala’s most important landscapes for wildlife; working with key government colleagues to create four new national parks and to improve the protection status of many other forests; initiating in collaboration with local communities a highly successful Olive-Ridley Turtle conservation program; framing the Government of India’s highly pro-conservation policies for CITES, CMS and other wildlife conservation policies for the country including those for the National Board of Wildlife.

 

Team Leaders

Dr. Devcharan Jathanna

Dr. Devcharan Jathanna initially joined WCS-India in 1998 and has worked on the ecology of large carnivores and their prey since then. He currently works as Associate Director – Conservation Science. He handles study design, data analysis, and scientific publication-related activities. Along with Killivalavan Rayar, he oversees the field research and data processing, for WCS-India’s long-term research on large carnivores and their prey. He also provides technical support to other research programmes within WCS-India, coordinates with national and international research collaborators develop proposals towards raising funds, obtaining permits and facilitating collaborations with partner institutions, and helps put together donor and technical reports. He also trains WCS research staff in various aspects of field research and data analysis, teaches courses, and guides students at the WCS-NCBS MSc Programme in Wildlife Biology & Conservation.

Dev, as he’s known to friends and colleagues, received his MSc in Wildlife Science from the Wildlife Institute of India in 2001, and his Ph.D. from Manipal University in 2016. His doctoral research focused on generating the understanding of the biology and ecology of Western Ghats small carnivore species that are relevant to their conservation, using a diversity of approaches. He is proficient in distance sampling, capture-recapture modeling, occupancy estimation, other statistical modeling, as well as study design and field data collection protocols for these different analytical approaches. Dev has extensive experience in designing and conducting academic courses, technical workshops and field training programs, for field research staff, MSc & Ph.D. students and faculty in India, southeast Asia and central Asia, since 2006.  

 

Pandira Medappa Muthanna

Pandira Medappa Muthanna initially joined WCS-India in 2000. He currently works as Assistant Director – Conservation Support. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Arts in 1991 and Law in 1995 from the University of Mysore. 

Based in Hunsur, Karnataka, Muthanna’s area of expertise covers the Malenad Mysore Tiger Landscape and extends into Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Besides effective conservation interventions to secure wildlands – Muthanna has played a key role in motivating more than 500 families from Nagarahole and over 49 families from the Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary to relocate under the government-sponsored relocation program. He was conferred with the WCS Service Award in 2006 in recognition of his outstanding services to wildlife conservation.

 

Dr. Ajith Kumar

Dr. Ajith Kumar joined WCS-India in 2003. He currently works as the Director of the Post-Graduate Program in Wildlife Biology and Conservation, initiated by WCS–India  in partnership with National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore and Joint Director of WCS India Program. Ajith trains wildlife biologists to become passionate conservation leaders through a two-year Masters course. He obtained his Master’s degree in Zoology from Kerala University and Doctorate from Cambridge University in 1987 on the thesis titled, ‘The ecology and population dynamics of the lion-tailed macaque’. A professor at the Wildlife Institute of India, Ajith has inspired students at the Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History in Coimbatore before joining WCS-India. He also runs an active research program on the distribution and ecology of mammals in the Western Ghats and the Himalayas, where he studies patterns of distribution, impacts of habitat fragmentation, wildlife in human-modified landscapes and feeding and reproductive ecology. As the director of the WCS-NCBS Wildlife Master’s program, Ajith has trained over 100 students and has established a dynamic network of researchers, professors, and institutions keen to devote time to the local capacity building in India.

 

Dr. Varun Goswami

Dr. Varun R. Goswami initially joined WCS-India in 2003, and currently works as Associate Director – Conservation Science. He obtained his Masters in Wildlife Biology and Conservation in 2006 from the multi-institutional graduate program at NCBS-TIFR, Bangalore, offered by NCBS in collaboration with WCS-India. He thereafter got his Doctorate from the University of Florida in 2013 for his thesis, ‘Of Populations, Habitat and People: The Asian Elephant in a World Fast Changing’. Professor Madan K. Oli, was his PhD advisor.

Varun’s overarching goal is to work towards the conservation of wildlife and their habitats in its broadest sense. Towards such an end, his research interests are largely applied in nature, and aimed at building a strong scientific basis for conservation action and policy. For his PhD, Varun investigated Asian elephant population dynamics, space use and interactions with people in heterogeneous landscapes to inform spatial conservation planning for the species. He used advanced quantitative tools, including matrix population models and occupancy sampling and analyses. His master’s research, also on Asian elephants, involved the first application of photographic capture–recapture modelling towards reliable estimation of demographic parameters for the species. Varun uses his expertise to build and shape WCS India’s elephant program in the country. He also co-leads the organisation’s wildlife research and conservation program in Northeast India. Varun has received grants from the US Fish and Wildlife Service, IUCN–KfW Integrated Tiger Habitat Conservation Programme, World Wildlife Fund Asian Rhinoceros and Elephant Action Strategy among others, and awards for outstanding graduate research from the Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida. He is a member of the IUCN Asian Elephant Specialist Group. He also co-teaches population ecology and estimation at the WCS–NCBS MSc Program in Wildlife Biology & Conservation.

 

Vinay Kumar M.C.

Mr. Vinay Kumar joined the WCS – India in 2010. He currently works as Assistant Director – Conservation support and policy. He obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Arts from Bangalore University in 1986. A Customs Officer by profession, he has served as a Union Leader at Customs both at the State and National level. He has also represented the Karnataka State Junior/senior Hockey team in various state and national level tournaments.  He has represented Karnataka Customs and Central Excise Hockey team in state/national level tournaments for more than 10 years and was also the Departmental Table Tennis champion during the early 2000.

Vinay began volunteering with WCS – India in the year 2004. Based in Bangalore, Vinay, using his strong inter-personal skills and a wide network of social contacts, engages with senior government officials, elected representatives, and social leaders to foster conservation support and timely policy interventions.  He is involved in the relocation and habitat-consolidation programs of WCS-India.

 

 

Killivalavan Rayar

Mr. Killivalavan Rayar joined WCS-India in 2010. He currently works with as Assistant Director – Conservation Science. He obtained his Masters in Wildlife Biology & Conservation from the MSc Programme jointly conducted by WCS-India and NCBS/TIFR in 2010, having switched from his previous career as an engineer with Intel. His research interests include the field application of novel monitoring approaches to estimate wildlife population parameters, and the conservation impacts of developmental projects within forest areas. Prior to taking up wildlife research and conservation as a full-time career, he was the founding member of a civil society organization to promote wildlife conservation and had participated in research and conservation projects as a volunteer since 2002, including coordinating a part of the Karnataka state-wide surveys for tiger occupancy in 2006-2007. He plans, coordinates and executes field activities for the multi-year project on Meta-population Dynamics of Tigers in Karnataka, as well as in other states. He has extensive experience in training field research staff including field interns, new recruits, and survey volunteers, and has helped conduct training programs for field staff (both NGO and government) in India and Thailand.

 

Dr. Vidya Athreya

Dr. Vidya Athreya initially joined WCS-India in 2011. She currently works as Associate Director – Conservation Science. She obtained her MS in Ecology from Pondicherry in 1993 and a MSc in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology from the University of Iowa, USA in 2000. Dr. Athreya obtained her doctorate from Manipal University in 2012 for her thesis, ‘Conflict resolution and leopard conservation in a human dominated landscape’. Based in Pune, Vidya has been studying human-leopard conflict in Maharashtra for the past decade. She also works closely with Protected Area managers and the public to mitigate conflicts involving big cats.

Vidya has been working in landscapes of Western Maharashtra where leopards share spaces with humans. A member of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group, she has assisted in formulating state and national level policy guidelines on managing human-leopard conflict. Vidya’s research work has led to an increased awareness of large carnivores outside Protected Areas in India. Vidya was awarded the Carl Zeiss Wildlife Conservation Award in 2011, TN Koshoo Memorial Award in 2012 and the Maharana Udai Singh Award in 2013.

To know more about her work, please visit: www.projectwaghoba.in and www.mumbaikarsforsgnp.com

 

Imran Siddiqui

Imran Siddiqui joined WCS-India in 2013 and is currently working as Assistant Director – Conservation Science. He obtained his Masters in Wildlife Biology and Conservation from NCBS-WCS MSc Programme. He is currently serving as an external expert to guide Forest Departments of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana in tiger and prey monitoring.

Imran is credited for the incorporation of 2000 sq km of critical forest habitat of Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary under the Project Tiger. Additionally, he was responsible for increasing the area of Nagarjunasagar Srisailam Tiger Reserve to almost 6000 sq km from 3500 sq km previously.

He has worked extensively in Central Indian Forests for over a decade, and his skills include large mammal surveys, statistical analyses and advanced GIS techniques. With extensive work experience, a deep understanding of the local setting, his existing connections and his technical training, Imran co-founded a HyTiCoS in 2002 and leads a group of volunteers for wildlife conservation.

He has also carried out various capacity building programmes for over 700 frontline staff and has designed short wildlife courses for the Forest Department. He works closely with local tribal communities who he believes are the most important stakeholders in any conservation scheme.

 

Mrunmayee

Ms. Mrunmayee joined WCS-India in 2013 as a Program Manager. She currently works as Assistant Director for Finance and Administration. She obtained her Bachelor’s degree in Business Management in 2009 from Kuvempu University and worked with Northern Trust Bank in Bangalore for three years before officially joining WCS-India. She started working for WCS-India’s field projects as a volunteer in 2009 when she was still studying in college. Since then, she regularly participated in line transect surveys, human-wildlife conflict surveys, distribution survey, boundary mapping survey and validation of camera trapped pictures of tigers and leopards of the program. Through her involvement in field activities, she brought in a strong understanding of the field projects for the better administration of the program and management of finances.

 

Dr. Divya Vasudev

DivyaVasudev_ProfilePhoto

Dr. Divya Vasudev joined WCS-India in 2014 and is currently working as Associate Director – Conservation Science. She obtained her Masters of Science from the multi-institutional post-graduate program in Wildlife Biology and Conservation in 2006, offered by NCBS in collaboration with WCS – India. She obtained her Doctorate from University of Florida in 2013, majoring in Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, under the advisement of Dr. Robert J. Fletcher. Her thesis was titled ‘Species Dispersal Behavior and Connectivity in Fragmented Landscapes’.

Divya’s broad-scale interests are in applying scientific research to the conservation of species in fragmented landscapes. As part of her doctoral dissertation research, she formulated a framework for the systematic incorporation of species- and individual-specific traits into our understanding of species dispersal limitations. She then went on to focus on two intrinsic constraints in terms of their influence on our theoretical understanding of connectivity and our practice of connectivity conservation. First, she assessed the influence of mate choice on post-dispersal reproductive success, and hence on shaping spatial patterns on effective dispersal between populations. Second, she used observations on movement behavior of the endangered western hoolock gibbon to prioritize conservation fragments in a heterogeneous landscape. Divya has received awards and grants from multiple institutions including the Bay and Paul Foundation, University of Florida and the Rufford Small Grants Program.  She has also been awarded the Government of India’s Department of Science and Technology INSPIRE Faculty Award.

 

Gopalakrishne Gowda K H

Mr. Gopalakrishne Gowda joined WCS-India in 2015 as Senior Advisor – Policy and Conservation. He obtained his Masters in Physics from the University of Mysore.

Mr. Gopalakrishne Gowda served Government of Karnataka in various capacities starting from Assistant Commissioner to the Principal Secretary to Government of Karnataka since 1975 until he retired in 2012 as an IAS officer. He has served as Assistant Commissioner, Special Deputy Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner in districts which house various tiger reserve areas of Karnataka. During this period he worked with WCS-India for the cause of conservation including the rehabilitation of tribals from Bhadra Tiger Reserve, supported the team during the closure of the Kudremukh mine, and also played a major role in notifying more than one lakh acres of land in Koppa forest division as a reserve forest.

 

Praneet Goteti

Praneet joined WCS-India as Chief Development Officer in 2018 and leads fund-raising efforts. He completed his MBA from Gonzaga University, USA in 1999 and worked for Keytronic EMS and Telect in Washington till 2004. He then came back to India and joined Intel as a Senior Buyer and later as a Global Commodity Manager driving strategic sourcing and procurement. Praneet was Business Operations Manager at Intel and part of the Intel India leadership team in 2016 when he left Intel to pursue his interest in wildlife conservation. He has also spent several years teaching, coaching and mentoring individuals and teams and is a certified Life and Leadership Coach.

Praneet has spent time exploring wilderness areas in different parts of the world and experienced different cultures, all of which have influenced his outlook on life and motivated him to work for the conservation of wildlife and wild places. He has led a voluntary group which is now registered as Vanodaya for five years which aims to conserve and protect Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka. He has been associated with WCS India since 2005 as part of our citizen science program and has actively participated in many of our field projects.

 

Jayalakshmi K

Jayalakshmi K joined WCS-India in April 2018 and heads the Media and Outreach team. She has been a journalist for the last 25 years, reporting stories mainly on science and environment. She completed her MSc in Physics from the Bangalore University and has a post-graduate diploma in journalism. She began her career in journalism at the Times of India, and went on to work at Deccan Herald for 15 years where she was handling the Sunday magazine, science section and the opinion pages. Later she worked with an Energy and Environment Consulting Company for five years where she handled corporate communications. A two-year stint with International Business Times was followed by one in teaching journalism to under-graduate students at Mt Carmel College. She has written over 1,000 articles, mostly on science, environment, health and the arts.

 

 

Sahila Kudalkar

Sahila leads the combating illegal wildlife trafficking program at WCS – India. She has been associated with the WCS – India since 2013. After an undergraduate education in Electronics Engineering, she obtained her Masters degree in Conservation Biology from the State University of New York in 2016. Over the past seven years her work has focused upon research and conservation of several endangered and/or lesser known species such as the White-backed vulture (Gyps bengalensis), Olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea), and the Chestnut white-bellied rat (Niviventer fulvescens), as well as on diverse issues such as human-wildlife conflict, voluntary resettlement, and community-based conservation.

Her primary interest lies in the design and evaluation of interventions to ensure long-term success against illegal wildlife hunting and trade in India. She seeks to employ a multidisciplinary approach that borrows from social sciences, economics, biology, and criminology, simultaneously engaging with both national and local institutions to tackle wildlife trade. Sahila’s long-term goal is to promote the integration of conservation science not just into policy, but also into the daily governance of Indian institutions.

 

Pamudhurty Anur Reddy

Pamudurthy Anur Reddy has joined WCS-India as Project Leader, Combatting Wildlife Trafficking. He brings with him a long and rich experience in the Indian Forest Service from the Karnataka cadre, beginning with an initial stint in the districts of Western Ghats to retiring as PCCF & Chief Wildlife Warden in 2017.

With a double post-graduate degree and a M.Phil to his credit, Mr Reddy also specialized in Wildlife Management from the Wildlife Institute of India, following which he was posted as Deputy Conservator of Forests of Chamarajanagar division. Promoted as Conservator of Forests he was later posted as Director, Environment in Mysore Minerals Ltd. Posted back to headquarters in the Wildlife wing, Mr Reddy was promoted as Chief Conservator of Forests. He did a two-year stint as Director, Environment at Karnataka Power Transmission Corporation following which he was made the Additional Principal Chief Conservator of Forests and spent a tenure as MD, Jungle Lodges & Resorts. He then returned to headquarters as Nodal Officer, Forest Conservation from where he was promoted as PCCF & Chief Wildlife Warden. He retired from service in July 2017.

 

Arjun Srivathsa

Arjun joined WCS – India in 2012 as a Research Associate, and is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Florida, USA. He obtained his Master of Science degree in Wildlife Biology and Conservation from the graduate program offered by NCBS–WCS in 2012. His doctoral research is focused on ecology and conservation of dholes in the Western Ghats. 

Arjun’s research interests and on-going collaborative projects include studies of carnivore ecology and human-carnivore interactions across multiple landscapes in India. He is a member of the IUCN Species Survival Commission Canid Specialist Group and the IUCN Dhole Working Group. He is also a professional artist and cartoonist, specializing in creating conservation-themed artwork for nature education and science communication.
 

Venu Parameshwar

Venu Parameshwar joined WCS – India as the new Finance Director in October 2018. Venu is a highly experienced professional with over three decades of experience in leading Financial institutions and Manufacturing companies. Venu is an Economics Graduate from the University of Bombay and an MBA from the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad. He is also a Fellow member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India. He has previously worked in the banking sector with Citigroup in India, UK, Australia, South Korea and UAE in various different roles. His last role was as the CFO of a financial services and Knowledge services entity – Dunia Group in the UAE.

 

 

 

Mridula Vijairaghavan

Mridula works with WCS-India as a Legal Advisor with a focus on wild life law. After completing her B.B.A., L.L.B at Symbiosis Law School, Pune in 2016, she has been involved in environmental litigation before the National Green Tribunal and various other courts over the past two years. She has taken on litigation against large development projects, which threaten to destroy Protected Areas in various states. Her primary area of litigation has been Environment Impact Assessments and forest law with the aim of conserving landscapes.

Her overarching interest is in bridging the gap between the law and the field, striving towards plugging legal loopholes and better implementation of environmental laws in India.

 

 

Dr. Vardhan Patankar

Vardhan has been associated with the WCS – India since 2015. For the past few years, he has worked (alongside colleagues) on a range of basic and applied studies in marine systems. These include studies on understanding the role of local institutions in governing resource use, socio-ecological resilience, illegal marine trade, coconut crabs, marine mammals, interactions between dugongs and sea-grass meadows, amongst others. For his doctoral research, he evaluated the impacts of the tsunami on the coral reef communities and marine resource utilisation in the Nicobar archipelago. Vardhan has received awards and grants from multiple institutions including the National Geographic Foundation, Research Fellowship Program of Wildlife Conservation Society. He has also been awarded the Government of India’s Department of Science and Technology INSPIRE Faculty Award.

His broad research interests are in understanding animal behaviour, species interactions, socio-ecological resilience, and ecosystem level processes in marine environments. He has strong interests in coral reef ecology, reef fish communities and community dynamics of the marine ecosystem and the role that local community institutions play in regulating marine resource use, and if these institutions can be co-opted in cooperative conservation efforts. Currently, he is focusing on (1) documenting patterns and processes of reef ecosystem (2) describing on-going shifts on reef ecosystems caused due to the impact of humans and climate change.

Vardhan also writes popular science articles for newspapers, magazines and blogs. To know more about his work, please visit:

https://psychedelicnostalgia.wordpress.com/

 

 

 

Staff

 

 

WCS – India Partners

 

D.V. Girish

Armed with an unwavering commitment to conservation, Mr. DV Girish has been associated with WCS – India Program as a conservation partner since 1994.

A resident of Chikmagalur, in Karnataka, Girish has worked towards wildlife conservation and intervention by educating and training thousands of people, especially children in the last 20 years. He has played an active role in advocating key conservation interventions in Bhadra landscape in the Western Ghats. He has also been responsible for many positive reforms like rehabilitation of villages from wildlife habitats, to the closure of mining, dams, resorts and other commercial projects in Kudremukh. He has helped found Bhadra Wildlife Conservation Trust, Nature Conservation Guild, and WildCat-C – locally active conservation groups based in Chikmagalur. He is recognized internationally for his involvement and role in the relocation of  14 villages out of Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary by interacting closely with the people and government institutions.

Girish was conferred with the WCS Service Award in 1998, the Karnataka Rajyotsava District Award in 2001, the Carl Zeiss Wildlife Conservation Award in 2002, and the Tiger Gold award in 2004 in recognition of his outstanding services to wildlife conservation.

 

Shekar Dattatri

Mr. Shekar Dattatri obtained his Bachelor’s degree in Zoology in 1983 and thereafter produced and shot many natural history films for international television channels. He has been honored with national awards in India and at wildlife film festivals in Italy, U.S.A., and Japan among others.

In 1997, Shekar produced and filmed Nagarahole – Tales from an Indian Jungle, a 53-minute natural history documentary on the famed Nagarahole forest in Karnataka, which also featured the work of WCS scientist, K. Ullas Karanth. His film, Mindless Mining – The Tragedy of Kudremukh, was made to augment a campaign by several NGOs allied with WCS – India Program, against iron ore mining within the Kudremukh National Park in the Western Ghats. The hard-hitting 12-minute film helped turn the tide of public and political opinion against the mining project. His collaborations with WCS – India Program include Voluntary Resettlement – A Win-Win Solution, on the successful resettlement of several hundred families from the Bhadra Tiger Reserve, Monitoring Tigers and their Prey, a training video on tiger and herbivore population estimation techniques, The Truth about Tigers, a first-of-its-kind educational video on tigers and their conservation in India, and 25 Years with Tigers, a 17-minute film that showcases the pioneering research and conservation work of WCS – India Program under the leadership of Dr. Ullas Karanth. Based out of Chennai, Shekar has authored two children’s books on wildlife, and numerous articles on conservation in leading newspapers and magazines. In partnership with Ramki Sreenivasan. he co-founded India’s most popular conservation portal, www.conservationindia.org.

To know more about his work, please visit: www.shekardattatri.com

 

Shreedev Hulikere

Shreedev Hulikere, a third generation coffee grower from Chikmagaluru, can trace his ancestry living on these “blessed lands” for at least five generations. Besides being a coffee connoisseur, who can wax eloquent on the various flavours and requirements to get a good crop, he is a local citizen in tune with the needs of the people, animals and the land. He remains a vital cog in the region’s meaningful environmental movement, the WildCAT C (Wildlife Conservation Action Team, Chikmagaluru) having been a part, right from its inception. WildCAT C has been instrumental in stopping ill-thought out projects that would have wrecked havoc on the delicate flora & fauna that co-exist in this fragile global bio-diversity hotspot. Shreedev has played an important role in preventing the degradation of the land that is Chikmagaluru.

He understands that the coffee estates surrounding and connecting important wildlife pockets in the area are essential to further the cause of conservation. In this regard he is pioneering a movement with other growers to ensure wildlife friendly practices on their farms as well as encouraging a heightened level of tolerance to the presence of wild animals on their lands. Shreedev has been associated with WCS-India since 1999.

 

WCS – India Founding Director

Dr. Ullas Karanth

After founding, and nearly 30 years of leading WCS-India, Dr. Karanth stepped down from the Country Director position in 2018, to enable him to focus on what got him into conservation, to begin with: the science of wildlife. During his nearly 30 years leading WCS-India Dr. Karanth has had many achievements including co-authoring scores of seminal scientific papers that hugely advanced the field of tiger and other wildlife population ecology and estimations; helping catalyse the government policy of voluntary resettlement in India that has led to dramatic reductions in threats to wildlife in protected areas in India as well as the improved livelihood opportunities for thousands of families; catalysing the creation of a Master’s Degree Program in Wildlife Conservation and Biology whose 85+ alumni are now stalwarts of conservation and conservation science across India. Perhaps Dr. Karanth’s finest achievement was finding and supporting talented conservationists and conservation scientists who are now the key staff and partners of WCS India Program and who today are transforming conservation in much of India.

Dr. Karanth has won several prestigious recognitions like the Sierra Club’s International EarthCare award (2006), World Wildlife Fund’s J. Paul Getty Award (2007), the Sanctuary Lifetime Achievement Award (2007), Bombay Natural History Society’s Salim Ali National Award for Conservation (2008), and Lifetime Achievement award by the Kumble Foundation (2012). He was conferred the Padma Shri (2012), India’s fourth highest civilian honour, for his outstanding contributions to wildlife conservation and environment protection.

Dr. Karanth remains with WCS for a while as he focuses on writing up scientific studies based on the years of data collected on wildlife in India and on representing WCS’s tiger conservation efforts globally.

WE STAND FOR WILDLIFE